Attention deficit disorder (ADD and ADHD) is an increasingly common health problem in the United States. However, it is also a widely misunderstood and improperly treated condition. Additionally, there are multiple risk factors for this mental disorder, including genetics, physical trauma, and infections. Also, attention problems also arise for people with other mental health problems like PTSD, addiction, and depression. Furthermore, it is very important that you see a qualified psychiatrist able to diagnose and treat
your mental health condition.

Risk Factors for ADD

Risk factors for attention deficit disorder include:

  • Genetics
  • Maternal substance abuse
  • Birth trauma
  • Brain infections
  • Head trauma
  • Jaundice
  • Environmental influences

Environmental influences for attention deficit disorder include too little physical education at school, overuse of video games, too much processed food consumption and environmental toxin exposure. Also, one in five males and one in nine females in the U.S. receive a diagnosis related to attention problems.


Attention deficit disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are not always the same mental health issue. In fact, ADD is a type of ADHD. In the early 1990s, the psychiatric community grouped multiple attention deficit-related disorders into the single category of ADHD. Also, the two are similar. However, people with attention deficit disorder do not experience the hyperactivity or impulsive behavior of those with a broader condition.

Effects of Undiagnosed or Untreated ADD

Additionally, untreated attention-deficit causes many problems in daily functioning. Some of these problems include:

  • School problems
  • Low self-esteem
  • Depression
  • Employment problems
  • Obesity
  • Incarceration
  • Divorce
  • Alzheimer’s disease

Kids with untreated attention problems risk not completing high school due to the high frustration in dealing with their condition and resulting in academic problems. Additionally, 33 percent drop out or fail. Furthermore, they struggle without a diploma, working in poorly paying jobs. Harvard researchers also report that 52 percent of untreated patients experience substance abuse. This substance abuse is often an attempt at self-medication of troubling symptoms. Also, when treated, many people with attention deficit are successful like anyone else. They are intelligent, spontaneous, creative and fun.

Types of ADD/ADHD and Symptoms

Some key types of attention-related disorders include predominantly hyperactive-impulse ADD/ADHD, predominantly inattentive attention deficit and combined ADD/ADHD.

Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulse Attention Deficit

To many people, this attention-related disorder looks like over-excitement, like the individual has had too much caffeine or is otherwise over-stimulated. But the symptoms linger over time and do not go away when in a normal daily routine. Also, this is why it is important to seek a psychiatric evaluation.

Symptoms of this type of attention disorder include:

  • Impulsive decision-making
  • Blurting out answers in class
  • Disrupting classroom situations
  • Excessive fidgeting or talking

Predominantly Inattentive Attention Deficit

Do you have to keep reminding your child, teen or adult family member to pay better attention to you? Also, do you hear it frequently said to you, that you do not pay attention? Easy distraction is frustrating at the least. Additionally, it limits your productivity and makes achieving goals seem impossible, at any age.

Symptoms of this type of attention disorder include:

  • Often making careless mistakes
  • Not finishing tasks
  • Not paying attention
  • Failing to follow instructions

Combined ADD/ADHD

Combined attention deficit with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is one of the hardest types of attention deficit to diagnose. Also, it has subtle sign of both attention-related disorders. Furthermore, if any of the symptoms from the two lists above bother you as part of your daily activities, schedule your psychiatric evaluation for a clear diagnosis.

Benefits of Treatment

You need a clear diagnosis to expect improvement if you suffer attention problems or have a child with one of these disorders. Also, the good news is that 80 percent of people diagnosed and treated notice clear improvement in daily functioning. Furthermore, many adults struggling with an attention disorder had undiagnosed ADD as a child. Additionally, these people experience two times more trouble maintaining friendships. Also, they struggle three times more than others in keeping a job. Furthermore, they also have a four-time greater likelihood of contracting an STI, due to promiscuity. Also, trouble saving money is another characteristic, with 50 percent of these adults experiencing this issue.

Other common problems for adults with the disorder, but not diagnosed as children include:

  • High school dropout rate
  • Substance abuse
  • Increased likelihood of traffic tickets and auto accidents
  • Relationships with criminals
  • Trouble with police
  • Higher potential for suicide

Diagnosis at any age is highly important to stop the cycle of attention problems.

Integrative Psychiatric Treatment in Raleigh, NC

MedPsych Integrated in Raleigh, NC provides integrative psychiatric care for people with a broad array of mental health problems.

This outpatient treatment includes:

Nadia S. Meyer, MD is the director of MedPsych Integrated. Furthermore, she is a triple board-certified psychiatrist with certifications in psychiatry, internal medicine, and addiction psychiatry. Also, from a thorough psychiatric evaluation and a clear understanding of your background, health history, and brain chemistry, Dr. Meyer can provide a diagnosis of your condition. From there, your recovery begins through integrative treatment for whole-person wellness. Also, MedPsych Integrated presently function through Telepsychiatry, so you can attend your appointments from the privacy and comfort of your own home.

Lastly, Call us today at 919-582-7272 to schedule your first visit.